Russian Megascience Projects

NICA – Nuclotron-based Ion Collider Facility

  • Period of project implementation: 2010-2023
  • Start of the heavy ion experimental programme at BM@N is expected in 2020
  • Commissioning of the collider scheduled for 2020
  • Cost and funding of the project: USD 540 million (roughly 471 million EUR); funding by Russian government at 40%
  • NICA´s host institution JINR is an international intergovernmental organization with established practice of international access
  • Modern experimental-accelerator facility for using a wide range of high intensity ion beams; heavy ions accelerated up to kinetic beam energies of 4.5 GeV/u for fixed target experiments (center-of-mass energy √snn = 3.5 GeV), and √snn = 11 GeV in collider experiments
  • Research: relativistic heavy ion physics and particle physics, for instance in nucleon spin structure; radiobiology, applied research

CREMLINplus related objectives of the NICA ion collider

  • Develop the instrumentation for NICA and FAIR/CBM, including the engineering and prototyping of fast detectors and the development of high rate data acquisition chain and software packages for simulation and data analysis
  • Develop a beyond state of the art CMOS pixel sensors (MAPS) for high-rate Silicon trackers for several particle physics and heavy-ion research communities in Europe and Russia for the potential upgrade of many experimental setups (e.g. at SCT, at NICA, at CERN-colliders)


PIK – Neutron Research Facility

  • Period of project implementation: 2011-2024
  • Commissioning of the reactor PIK expected for 2019-2020
  • Cost and funding of the reactor PIK approximately 60 billion RUB (roughly 780 million EUR), funding by Russian government
  • Commissioning of the instrumental base including the cold neutron sources, the neutron guide systems, and up to 30 neutron stations: 2019-2024
  • High-flux research reactor with an expected power start-up production of 50.000 MW*h per year
  • Research: physics, chemistry, biology, earth science, materials science, micro- and nano- electronics, isotope production, elemental analysis of samples and products, medicine

CREMLINplus related objectives of the PIK neutron source

  • Strengthen the scientific and technical cooperation between PIK and European neutron research infrastructures in the interests of European and Russian researches
  • Develop and design an advanced high-brilliance cold neutron source including a bi-spectral optical extraction system and a Very Cold Neutron Source (VCN)
  • Design five new instruments for the PIK instrument suite that will complement existing neutron instruments in Europe and Russia
  • Design and build a prototype of a single crystal diffractometer, including its delivery to and commissioning at PIK
  • Establish international advisory bodies for PIK: Scientific Advisory Committee (PIK-SAC) and up to six technical Subcommittees along the instrument suite
  • Foster strong links to the European LENS (League of European Neutron Sources) platform
  • Develop a comprehensive access structure for both national and international scientific and industrial users of the PIK facility
  • Develop a high-resolution detector for research with neutrons at PIK

USSR – Ultimate Source for Synchrotron Radiation

  • Current status: initial stage of project; in the design phase
  • Costs and funding of the project: roughly estimated 1 billion EUR; funding by Russian government
  • Ultimate synchrotron radiation source, based on a 1.3 km diffraction limited storage ring with an envisaged electron energy of 6 GeV
  • Research: fundamental and applied research in condensed matter physics, nano- and biosystems, hybrid systems, functional and biocompatible materials, medical diagnostic systems and targeted drug delivery

CREMLINplus related objectives of the USSR synchrotron

  • Define scientific case and intended user community for the USSR facility – both in Russa and in Europe –, including definition of an initial set of about 10 beamlines covering the main techniques in X-ray imaging, diffraction/scattering, and spectroscopy, all of interest for the Russian synchrotron user community, but also for the European synchrotron user communities
  • Set up a well-structured and robust project management framework within an appropriate project governance for the conceptual and the technical design phases of USSR, including definition of mandates, allocation of tasks and responsibilities for the project and its management in the three main areas: (i) infrastructure, (ii) accelerator, (iii) experiments
  • Implement two international advisory committees: Machine Advisory Committee (MAC) and Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) for USSR
  • Foster links to the European LEAPS platform (League of European Accelerator-based Photon Sources)
  • Develop conceptual and technical solutions essential for the CDR and TDR for the USSR, including related research and development of relevant technologies: main ring design, RF- photogun test facility prototype, components and technologies for the electron injection Linac, beam diagnostics components. Joint R&D for X-ray optics and special detector systems will also be undertaken.

SCT – Super Charm-Tau Factory

  • Period of project implementation: 2020-2026
  • Costs and funding of the project: 37 billion RUB (roughly 480 million EUR); funding at institute level
  • Electron-positron collider facility with a centre-of-mass energy range of 2-6 GeV
  • Research: fundamental research in particle physics, e.g. study of charge conjugation parity symmetry violation, test of Standard Model with precision measurement of charmed particle and tau lepton decays

CREMLINplus related objectives of the SCT lepton collider

  • Setup a structured international collaboration around the SCT experiment
  • Increase the visibility of SCT in EU and global particle physics communities
  • Build and test prototypes for the main subsystems (tracking system, particle identification system, calorimeter, and muon system) of the SCT detector
  • Carry out joint European-Russian research and development on key accelerator components in synergy with other lepton collider initiatives such as CLIC and FCC in Europe
  • Develop software frameworks and data management systems for the SCT detector.

XCELS – Exawatt Center for Extreme Light Studies

  • Period of project implementation: 2012-2026
  • Cost and funding of the project: IAP RAS has invested 1.2 billion RUB (roughly 15.7 million EUR) in the XCELS project, approximately 32 billion RUB (roughly 418 million EUR) is expected to be obtained from the Russian government
  • High-power laser with unprecedented giant peak power of about 200 Petawatt, with a prospect to increase it up to 1 Exawatt and beyond
  • Research: exploring the states of matter in electrodynamic fields, probing QED vacuum structure in extremely strong electromagnetic fields; developing compact particle and radiation sources with unprecedented parameters

CREMLINplus related objectives of the XCELS high-power laser

  • Design a prototype of a relativistic plasma mirror for XCELS and develop a prototype of nonlinear compressor of ultra-intense laser pulses for XCELS
  • Develop technologies for ultrashort laser pulse contrast enhancement based on non-linear optical devices as well as related single-shot spatio-temporal diagnostics for ultrashort / ultra- intense laser pulses for XCELS
  • Train experts in Europe and Russia for high-power laser technologies.